Step-by-step instruction for growing avocado from seed.
Step 1. The process of preparation
Take the fruit (you can buy it in supermarkets, choose the most ripe), cut it along in half and extract the avocado seed, then gently and thoroughly rinse it under cold water for a few minutes. It is necessary to rinse – to remove the rests of pulp, to avoid mold and to imbue the surface with moisture. Be careful not to remove the brown crust.
Some of the cores are slightly elongated, while others may have an almost perfect sphere, so notice which part is the upper part, and which is the lower one.
Step 2. Plant for growing Avocado
Take 3-4 toothpicks and symmetrically pierce at a small angle (the continuations of the toothpicks are directed upwards) the core from 3-4 sides, they will serve as a support when you drop the core of the avocado into the water.
About half (or more) of the core should be in the water. Put the billet of your future avocado tree on a light quiet place, this can be the usual sill of the sunny side of your house. For this process, it is best to use a transparent cup so that you can observe the appearance of the roots, besides, you can easily see when it’s time to change the water. Many of them are recommended to be changed every day, but practice shows that water needs to be changed every 4-5 days.
Step 3. Patience and germination
In online publications write that the time of germination of the nucleus of avocados is already noticeable in 2-4 weeks, but practice again shows other results – noticeable germination in 5-8 weeks! So, have patience.
Visible symptoms are as follows: the upper part dries up, peels and crackles. Cracking is noticeable along the entire length of the nucleus, and roots show up from the cracks. Over time, the germ of the stem will penetrate. You can not let the roots dry up, it can ruin the whole thing!
Step 4. Forming
If the stem of your Avocado’s stem has reached 6-7 inches (15-18 cm), then you need to trim the stem to 3 inches (8 cm) that will stimulate new growth. When your plant reaches a length of 6-7 inches again, move it to the humus-rich soil, use a pot of 8-10 inches (20-25 cm) in diameter for this. Immerse the plant in the soil so that the top of the kernel peeps out of the soil.
Avocado loves the sun very much, so planting the plant so that as long as possible there is a lot of light, he does not fear direct rays of the sun.
Step 5. Care and growth of the future tree
Water your tree often and thoroughly, the soil should always be moist, but not saturated. It is important to choose the optimal watering regime. Yellowed leaves recognize excessive watering, in which case the plant should dry out for several days. Each time the plant grows about 6 inches, its leaves are plucked, thereby stimulating the growth of lateral shoots and forming a future thick crown. Make sure that your plant corresponds to the size of the pot, transplant it as it grows.
Avocado does not like the cold and if you have a winter below +10 degrees Celsius, then your tree should grow in a room on the sunny side. The first fruits from your Avocado can be seen after 3-4 years, it is especially likely if 2-3 trees grow together, but maybe so that the tree will bring you its first fruits and in 7 years.
Professionals advise that the avocado should be 100% fruitful to plant a young tree early in the spring.
In fact, this is a large fast-growing tree, it can reach a height of up to 18 meters, there are more than 400 varieties of avocados.