Blueberries are a low and strongly branched berry bushes from the Heather family. It easily and unpretentiously tolerates winter frosts, blueberry can be found beyond the Arctic Circle. In the wild, it grows in mixed or coniferous forests, most often in the latter. Some pine forests are so overgrown with bushes of blueberries, which they are called: pine-bilberry.
In general, this neighborhood is not accidental. Like pine, blueberries feel best on acidic soils with closely-lying groundwater. This is also a shrubbery, so it should be planted under the canopy of trees, which will ensure a permanent penumbra under them.
Where to plant blueberry bushes?
Before planting blueberries, you must prepare a site in advance, where it will grow in the future. Usually, the garden land is not acidic enough, so premature planting of blueberry bushes in unprepared soil can lead to yellowing of the leaves, stopping development and even the death of the plant.
For successful growing under each bush pits are prepared with a size of 60*60 in (150×150) cm and a depth of 23 in (60 cm) each. The excavated soil from the pits is mixed with peat crumb (in a ratio of 2: 1) to further acidify the soil, adding powdery sulfur. Still, if possible, you can add kitchen cleaning and oak leaves, and in heavy soils – river sand. Such preparation is carried out in advance, the main thing is that the prepared soil should settle in pits before planting. For example, if you planned to plant blueberry bushes in October, the soil should be prepared no later than September.
When to plant blueberries?
Planted blueberries in spring or autumn, it is best to plant bushes – from October to early November. The optimal option for planting will be two- or three-year-old bushes with a clod of earth on the roots. The root lump must be moist before planting: bushes planted with dry roots, in most cases do not survive and die. Before planting in the previously prepared soil swarm hollow to the size of the root of the coma, where we plant a bush. During planting, loosen the ground on the root of a coma and carefully straighten the roots. Then the pit falls asleep, we compact the feet around the planted bush and water it abundantly. If possible, we mulch the land in the place of planting, as mulch it is possible to take fallen leaves, sawdust or peat. If you transplant old bushes (more than 3 years old), after planting, you need to trim the branches to a height of 20 cm – this will help the bush to settle down in a new place.
Blueberry shrub care
Care for blueberry bushes, in the first place, should be based on its features and needs. In general, this is the correct watering and feeding. But also it is necessary to cut the bilberry bushes.
Watering for blueberries, growing in the garden, is considered one of the first requirements on which care is based. Refuse the bushes in the humidification is not necessary. Because the garden blueberry is a moisture-loving culture, as it was written earlier. And, if watering for it is not enough, then the bushes will dry up, which as a result will affect the berries. The fruits of blueberries without constant moistening of the soil will become tasteless and dry.
Need bilberry bushes and fertilizing in the form of mineral and organic fertilizers:
- at least once a season, fertilize the land with mineral fertilizers (but not chlorine-containing ones!);
- Once a year in the fall period, you need to make organic.
Loosening is also included in one of the items on the list, on which it is worth caring for the garden bilberry culture.