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10 Plants That Can Actually Purify Your Indoor Air

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It’s sad, but the air in our home is difficult to call fresh, even if we regularly air it. In addition to the “remarkable” ecology, exhaust fumes and city dust, we still have furniture, laminate, linoleum, etc. in the apartment. And also household chemicals, washing and cleaning products … Sometimes you want to escape somewhere to nature, to fresh air. However, such a green corner will be very appropriate in an ordinary home. After all, many indoor plants are able not only to please the eye, but also to purify the air from a variety of harmful substances, chemical elements, microorganisms and tobacco smoke. The main thing is to choose the plants that purify the air.

Phytoncides, allocated in varying degrees by all plants, are destructive to pathogenic microorganisms, improve and purify the air in the apartment. Especially active in this case are “fragrant” plants: citrus, coniferous plants, as well as eucalyptus, laurel, myrtle, etc.

With regard to the number of plants, for the proper effect of air purification, ideally there should be one small plant per cubic meter. Therefore, for a significant result of flowers in the house must be a lot!

So which indoor plants are best able to improve the microclimate of the room?

  1. Schefflera (Schéfflera or Umbrella tree) – this plant is literally created for premises in which smoke. She perfectly “absorbs” and neutralizes nicotine and tar, which are contained in tobacco smoke.
  2. Stindapsus golden (Epipremnum aureum or Potos) cleans the air of benzene. Large leaves of this plant perceive a large amount of harmful substance. It grows quickly, and it can be watered quite rarely.
  3. Dracaena cleans formaldehyde. This plant eliminates poisonous vapors of formaldehyde, which in minimal quantities, but still spread varnishes, glues and furniture from chipboard.
  4. Chlorophytum (or Venechnik) very well catches exhaust gases and neutralizes formaldehyde. Only a few plants in the house are enough to clean it from formaldehyde, which is isolated by thermal insulation from synthetic materials in the apartment. Scientists have found out that for a day chlorophytum completely cleans the living room, and if in the flower pots put activated charcoal its purifying properties increase several times and it is scientifically proven. To clean the air in a room with an area of ​​about 20 square meters, 5-6 plants are enough.
  5. Hamedorea elegant (Chamaedorea elegans or indoor palm tree) actively moistens the air and filters out the substances that the plastic releases. Especially recommended for houses located near highways, as it neutralizes the evaporation of harmful substances contained in exhaust gases – benzene, trichlorethylene.
  6. Ivy (Hedera helix) – the record holder for air purification. It absorbs a lot of toxic substances, including formaldehyde, benzene and ammonia.
  7. Ficus benjamina (Ficus benjamina) – in addition to oxygen saturation, moistening and purification from toxins, it releases phytoncides, which suppress the vital activity of microorganisms. The gloss of its leaves detains a lot of dust, and when washing or wiping leaves it is easily removed. Since oxygen ficus produces in the daytime, and absorbs – at night, it is not recommended to put a pot of this plant in the bedroom, and even more so in the nursery. Its ideal location is the kitchen or rooms with windows overlooking the industrial zone or freeway.
  8. Sansevieria three-lane (Sansevieria) – called in the people “mother tongue” or “snake skin”, can rightly be considered an oxygen generator. Sansevieria helps the human body to adapt to the changed conditions, increasing its immunity. Thus, it protects against colds, reduces the harmful effects of changes in atmospheric pressure, temperature and humidity. It also protects against toxins released by synthetics and linoleum.
  9. Geranium (Pelargonium) – performs the function of “home doctor” with functional disorders of the nervous system. The aroma of geranium relieves nervous tension, it helps with insomnia, neuroses, stress, and also with oncology. The substance it releases geraniums has an antiviral and antibacterial effect, kills viruses of staphylococci and streptococci. And also pelargonium as if “sucks” carbon monoxide and dampness, frightens off flies, refreshes stagnant air. Therefore, in addition to the bedroom, it is well suited for the kitchen.
  10. Asparagus spraggeri (Asparagus sprengeri) – is indispensable in the presence of chronic diseases. By its presence, it helps to accelerate the healing of bone fractures and damage to the skin, improve the elasticity of the skin. It is useful for various pulmonary diseases, as it strengthens the lungs. Asparagus is harmful to many pathogens. In addition, it absorbs heavy metals from the air.

Increase the humidity in the room will help: cissus, cyperus, hibiscus, fatsia, arrowroot, monster.

Indoor plants with bactericidal properties: rosemary, myrtle, chlorophytum, citrus.

Indoor plants with phytoncidal properties:  cypress, thuja, cryptomeria.

Purify the air from formaldehyde, TCE, benzene: aloe, spathiphyllum, hamedori, chlorophytum, philodendron, sansevieria, asparagus, monster.

Ionize the air: ferns, monsters, pelargonium.

Table of plants by degree of air purification

Plant 

Cleaning efficiency (0-10)  Substances 

Aglaonema 

6,8 

Benzene, toluene 

Azalea 

6,3  Formaldehyde 

Scarlet 

6.5  Formaldehyde 

Anthurium 

7,2  Formaldehyde, ammonia, toluene 

Araucaria 

7.0
The plant releases phytoncides 
Various harmful impurities 

Asparagus 

7,3  Carbon monoxide, absorbs heavy metals

Banana 

6,8  Formaldehyde

Begonia 

6,9  Volatile Chemical Compounds 

Gerbera 

7,3  Formaldehyde, trichlorethylene, benzene 

Guzmania 

6.0  Formaldehyde, toluene 

Dendrobium 

6.0  Methanol, ammonia, acetone, toluene, formaldehyde 

Dieffenbachia 

7,3  Formaldehyde 

Dracaena 

7,8  Formaldehyde, benzene, trichlorethylene 

Kalanchoe 

6,2  Formaldehyde 

Calathea 

7,1  Formaldehyde

Cypress 

7.5
The plant releases phytoncides 
Volatile Chemical Compounds 

Codyium, Croton 

7.0  Volatile Chemical Compounds 

Liriopa

6,2  Formaldehyde, ammonia 

Marantha 

6,6  Various impurities